Forbidden And Makrooh Times
At sunrise, Istiwaa and Sunset- No Salaah at all, no Sajdah at-Tilaawah either
From Subh Saadiq till after sunrise– No Nawafil must be prayed. Qadhaa and Sajdah at-Tilaawah are allowed.
No Nawaafil allowed after Asr. Qadhaa and Sajdah at-Tilaawah are allowed. But when the sun becomes pale, Qadhaa Salaah must be stopped too.
Asr can be prayed even after the sun has paled - but it is Makrooh
- Subh Saadiq means dawn
- Isfaar means to pray Fajr at a time when it is proper light. To delay fajr salaat leaving enough time before sunrise whereby the salaat can be offered properly according to sunnah and it is possible to repeat it in the same manner with fresh wudhu if the need arises. This is only mustahab for males
- Taglees means to pray salaat whilst it is still dark (at beginning time). Ladies should try and pray at this time.
- Ibraad means to pray zuhr at a cooler time in summer. (But before the end time)
- Ta’jeel means to pray Zuhr early (at beginning time) in cooler seasons
- Mithlain – when the shadow of an object becomes twice its size(excluding shadow at midday)it is called mithlain. When it becomes one time its size it is called mithl.
- Shafaqe Abyadh – This is the whiteness that is seen after sunset on the western sky
The wisdom in delaying Asr is so that nawafil can be prayed as much as possible. Because after Asr nawafil is makrooh.
The wisdom of delaying Ishaa is that people will go straight to sleep after namaz. They will not waste time in useless activities which are forbidden by Nabi Sallallahu 'Alayhi Wasallam.